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Css new line

How To Add A Line-break To An HTML Element Using CSS Only?

Learn various ways a line-break can be added using CSS only

  • By Daniyal Hamid
  • May 15, 2018
  • Comments
In This Article

Today we’ll explore various ways to create a line-break in our content using only CSS.

Line-break Between Lines Of Text

We can display the line-breaks in text without adding any extra mark-up by using the white-space CSS property, with any one of the following values:

white-space:New linesSpaces & tabsText wrapping
prePreservePreserveNo wrap
pre-wrapPreservePreserveWrap
pre-linePreserveCollapseWrap

Using either of these properties would make the element act like a

This does not work in IE-7 and below.

Line-break Between HTML Elements

Block-level elements by default start on a new line (unless the default behavior is overridden by a CSS rule). To force inline elements to a new line, however, you could do any of the following:

    Set display: block; on the element:

This may be the most obvious one; a block-level element starts on a new line, and takes up the entire width available to it. So, you could either use a block-level element or set any HTML element’s CSS property to display: block .

Use the carriage return character ( A ) as content in pseudo-element:

You can add a new-line using the ::before or ::after pseudo-elements like so:

The white-space property in this instance is important in order for this to work. Also note that, setting display: inline-block would keep the text in the same line. For this to work, the display property should be set to inline .

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Injecting a Line Break

Learn Development at Frontend Masters

I had a little situation where I had a header with a span in it, and I wanted to make sure to put a line break before the span. For the record, there really isn’t anything wrong with just chucking a
tag before it (and in fact the ability to show/hide that is very useful). But… it always feels a little weird to have to use HTML to achieve a layout thing.

So let’s take a journey. A journey in which we say “But…” a lot.

A block level element would do it

Rather than a , we could use a

But we’re using a span on purpose, because of the design. The text after the break should be inline/inline-block, because it’s going to have a background and padding and such.

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You can insert line breaks via pseudo element

But… the is an inline element. The line break won’t do anything! Just like a real line break won’t do anything.

We can force that line break to work by making white space meaningful…

That actually works. But… because of the padding and background, it leaves a little chunk of that behind when the line breaks:

We could fix the awkward-left-edge-hugging on by using box-decoration-break: clone; , but… that just leaves a bigger chunk up top:

box-decoration-break is great for some issues, but not this one.

If we made the span inline-block, the break would happen within that block, which isn’t what we want either:

Making the pseudo element block-level and leaving the span alone doesn’t do the trick either:

You could get a little weird and inject the actual text with a pseudo element

This was Aaron Bushnell’s idea. The trick here is to make the span block level, but then inject the text with a pseudo element and style it as an inline element.

It works! But…

I’ve long been a fan of pseudo-element trickery, but this feels slightly dangerous in that you may be hurting accessibility. I think some screen readers read pseudo-elements, but I don’t think all, nor are they supposed to. Not to mention you can’t copy and paste all the text this way. At least the text is still maintained entirely in the HTML!

Exploiting table layout

My favorite idea came from Thierry Koblentz. Just make the span display: table; and you’re done. It’s not tabular data of course, but that doesn’t matter. The fact you can force table layout from CSS is all about exploiting the unique layout properties of table layout — not semantics.

Live Demos

Including one where we just use a
, which is fine.

How do I start a new line using HTML?

All I want to do is make a new line. I tried pressing enter and it worked and went to the next line but in the preview it turns the enter to a space.

12 Answers

amd
will both work, however
is the most correct way to do it.

if you are breaking your writing into paragraphs, skip the
and just put

on either side of your paragraphs, it will look much better.

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If you know any HTML coding, here are a few of them:

Keep in mind, you have to take the spaces out of all of those. I only put them in there so that the actual coding would get through the Yahoo page. If you use one like bold, you have to start out with and then put your text that you want bold, and then end it with If you don’t, everything will be bold until the end of the text.

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is effectively the html equal of hitting the enter key in a word processor.

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That’s because when you hit enter, it will insert a new paragraph (a

tag) But like MacGuru said; use the correct tag for new line

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for new Paragraphs give a blank line between it and the the paragraph above.

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the html tag you want is

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this will give you a line break if thats what you want so for example:

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Use this exact code:

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Trending Questions

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Answer Questions

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on either s If you know any HTML coding, here are a few of them:rnrn = a line breakrn = begin italicsrn = end italicsrn = begin boldrn = end boldrnrnKeep in mind, you have to take the spaces out of all of those. I only put them in there so that the actual coding would get through the Yahoo page. If you use one like bold, you have to start out with and then put your text that you want bold, and then end it with If you don’t, everything will be bold until the end of the text.»,»attachedImageUrl»:null,»attachedImage
is effectively the html equal of hitting the enter key in a word processor.»,»attachedImageUrl»:null,»attachedImage That’s because when you hit enter, it will insert a new paragraph (a

tag) But like MacGuru said; use the correct tag for new line
«,»attachedImageUrl»:null,»attachedImage
for new linern

for new Paragraphs give a blank line between it and the the paragraph above.»,»attachedImageUrl»:null,»attachedImage the html tag you want is
«,»attachedImageUrl»:null,»attachedImage
this will give you a line break if thats what you want so for example:rnrn

my name is:rn
rn

«,»attachedImageUrl»:null,»attachedImage Use this exact code:
«,»attachedImageUrl»:null,»attachedImage Use

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Features

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Use numeric font-weight properties

Using normal and bold is not the only way to define the thickness of the character. Numeric font weights provide more than just these two options where you can define a wole range from 100 to 900. Of course the font in use has to support the value you specify. The numeric value of normal is 400 and 700 defines bold. Go to Google Fonts to select a font family that supports the desired thickness.

Color names to hex codes

This CSS cleaning option allows you to convert all occurences of color definitions to the corresponding RGB hex codes. Beside the 17 standard colors (white, blue, yellow, maroon), there is a total of 148 predefined color names that most modern web browsers recognize, such as royalblue, saddlebrown, lightgoldenrodyellow etc. Using hexadecimal code instead of the color name you assure that your website will render correctly and the same on all browsers. Our test proves that hexadecimal definitions render faster since the names are assigned to a look-up table and converted to hex codes anyway.

Remove comments

The /* . */ syntax is used for both single and multiline comments, allowing you to add notes to your document. Comments can take up unnecessary space in the file increasing download and render time and this is why it’s recommended to remove them once the website goes live. Getting rid of comments is an essential step of compressing/minimizing CSS files.

Adjust !important

!important was introduced to help override normal specificity. Experienced developers try to avoid it because its usage might complicate further changes to the document. Using important usually means you’re narcissistic, selfish or just lazy because usually there’s another more elegant way.

This CSS beautify option adjusts the rules, setting it to all lowercase and leaving one space before the exclamation mark.

Set one space after colons

This CSS tidy option unifies all colons, leaving one space after each.

Last semicolon in block

The last semicolon before the closing brace in a block is unnecessary and can be removed before a project goes live, saving some space.

Remove @media blocks

Deleting the conditional media queries in a document is not a standard CSS cleaning feature because it affects the website. With this feature you can choose to make a site unresponsive with a single click.

Delete unnecessary white characters

Successive white characters have no effect or use, they just fill the document, increasing the file size. Empty new lines or text indentation with repetitive spaces can be removed before publishing.

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